Adelicia (Adeliza) of Louvain Princess of Brabant, Queen of England 811,984,993
- Born: 1103, Leuvan, Belgium 984,993,994
- Marriage (1): King Henry I (of) England of England on 24 Jan 1121 984
- Marriage (2): William (Strong Hand) de Aubigny First Earl of Lincoln, First Earl Arundel in 1138 in Northampton, Northamptonshire, England 1226,1227
- Died: 23 Apr 1151, Affligham, Flanders, Belgium at age 48 811,984,994
- Buried: Reading Abbey, Berkshire, England 994
Noted events in her life were:
• First Marriage. 1228 Adeliza married Henry I of England on 24 January 1121, when she is thought to have been in her late teens and Henry was fifty-three. It is believed that Henry only married again because he wanted a male heir. Despite holding the record for the most illegitimate children of a British monarch, Henry had only one legitimate son, William Adelin, who predeceased his father on 25 November 1120 in the White Ship disaster. It is usually assumed that Henry married Adeliza because of this disaster; however, negotiations to find a new wife began as early as 1119.
Adeliza was reputedly quite pretty, known as the "Fair Maid of Brabant." More importantly, her father was a vassal of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, son-in-law of Henry. It is possible that his daughter was influential in making the match. Godfrey was motivated to protect his lands from the newest Count of Flanders, Charles I, Count_of_Flanders>. As Flanders had been long-term enemies of the Normans, marrying his daughter to the English king aligned Godfrey with a natural ally. Despite all these hopes, no children were born during the marriage.
When Henry died on 1 December 1135, Adeliza retired temporarily to the Benedictine convent of Wilton Abbey, near Salisbury. She was present at the dedication of Henry's tomb at Reading Abbey on the first anniversary of his death. At about that time, she founded a leper hospital dedicated to Saint Giles at Fugglestone St Peter.
• Second Marriage. 1226 After three years of mourning, the young queen married William d'Aubigny, one of Henry's chief advisers, in 1138 for love. She brought with her a Queen's dowry, including the castle of Arundel that would serve as the couple's primary residence. Because of this, King Stephen of England created d'Aubigny Earl of Arundel in 1142 and Earl of Lincoln. The marriage produced at least seven children. Through this union, Adeliza is an ancestor of many English noble families and individuals such as:
King Henry V & King Henry VI of England (via Mary de Bohun & the Earls of Arundel)
King Henry VII of England & his descendants(via the Earls of Arundel & the Beauforts)
Queen Anne Boleyn
Queen Jane Seymour
Queen Catherine Howard
Owain Glyndwr Prince of Wales via his mother Elizabeth Le Strange.
Although her husband was a staunch supporter of Stephen during the Anglo-Norman civil war, her own personal inclination may have been toward her stepdaughter's cause, the Empress Matilda. When Matilda sailed to England in 1139, she appealed to her stepmother for shelter, landing near Arundel and was received as a guest of the former Queen.
Adelicia married King Henry I (of) England of England, son of King William "the Conqueror" of England and Matilda of Flanders, on 24 Jan 1121.984 (King Henry I (of) England of England was born on 7 Sep 1068 in Selby in Yorkshire,986,987,988,989 died on 1 Dec 1135 in Lyons-la-Foręt, France 987,988,990 and was buried in Reading Abbey, England 988.)
Adelicia next married William (Strong Hand) de Aubigny First Earl of Lincoln, First Earl Arundel, son of William "Pincerna" Aubigny of Norfolk and Maud Bigod, in 1138 in Northampton, Northamptonshire, England 1226.,1227 (William (Strong Hand) de Aubigny First Earl of Lincoln, First Earl Arundel was born circa 1109 in Buckenham, Norfolk, England, died on 12 Oct 1176 in Waverley Abbey, Surrey, England 1226,1227 and was buried in Waverley Priory, Wymondham, Norfolk, England 1227.)